Title: “Publius Licinius Valerianus Augustus.”
Creation Date: 18 March 2018.
Series: The Crisis of the 3rd Century.
Series Year: 2018.
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Libertas — Liberty…Freedom.
Artist’s Statement :
As with all of my abstract artworks , especially my Ambidextrous Abstract Expressionism Photography images, the viewer has “Libertas” to interpret the images as they see fit.
As soon as I finished this artwork, I saw a king-like figure with outstretched arms, and a crown on top of its head.
There is no other more known king during The Crisis of the Third Century, as Valerian. Thus, I titled this artwork, Valerian. It must be quite a shock to go from king to slave in a day, but that is essentially what happened to Valerian, when Shapur I, king of kings, and his barbarian Persians, defeated the Roman army at Edessa (AD 260):
The Battle of Edessa took place between the armies of the Roman Empire under the command of Emperor Valerian and Sassanid forces under Shahanshah (King of the Kings) Shapur I in 260.
(Source: https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Edessa )
It was the first time a Roman Emperor had been taken captive — Worse yet, turned into a slave. The entire Roman army of 70,000 men were killed or captured. It was a mind-numbing defeat for the Empire. Valerian died while being a captive of Shapur I. Some of the Roman troops were integrated into Persian society, under pressure probably, to put their Roman engineering (and other) skills to use. It is unclear if Valerian lived in peace under Shapur, or if his life was torturous—there are accounts of both, but historical sources should be questioned before coming to any conclusions.
☆ I have a very real suspicion that some ancient historical sources of information come from crackpot, ANCIENT FAKE NEWS sources, like an Ancient version of CNN (the Clown News Network). I think whoever was ruling at the times when histories were written, also pushed their own biases, and sometimes, far flung fake news narratives. Fake News, Paradigm shifts, Carefully Scripted Narratives of what is allowed in the framework of writing histories. And always, the winners of wars, controlled the narrative.
Publius Licinius Valerianus Augustus:
“Valerian (/vəˈlɪəriən/; Latin: Publius Licinius Valerianus Augustus; 193/195/200 – 260 or 264), also known as Valerian the Elder, was Roman Emperor from 253 to 260 AD. He was taken captive by Sassanian Persian king Shapur I after the Battle of Edessa, becoming the first Roman Emperor to be captured as a prisoner of war, causing shock and instability throughout the Empire.”
“The Crisis of the Third Century, also known as Military Anarchy or the Imperial Crisis (AD 235–284), was a period in which the Roman Empire nearly collapsed under the combined pressures of invasion, civil war, plague, and economic depression. The crisis began with the assassination of Emperor Severus Alexander by his own troops in 235, initiating a 50-year period during which there were at least 26 claimants to the title of emperor, mostly prominent Roman army generals, who assumed imperial power over all or part of the Empire.” (https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crisis_of_the_Third_Century)
INFLUENCE — THE CRISIS OF THE 3RD CENTURY PHOTOGRAPHY SERIES :
I was inspired to create this Abstract Expressionism Photography Series, by Dr. Harry Sidebottom’s WARRIOR OF ROME Series. The books following the life of the story’s hero, Marcus Clodius Balista (d. c.261), during the time of Emperor Valerian.
I have always been a student of Ancient Greek and Roman History. I earned a Bachelor’s degree in History from the University of Nebraska-Lincoln. I have always enjoyed learning about these long-dead historical ‘celebrities’.
It isn’t that these art photographs have a mystical connection with the historical figures they are named for—it is just that this is a series designed BECAUSE I have been inspired by Sidebottom’s story, and each artwork needs a title. Thus, each artwork is named after a historical figure from “The Crisis of the Third Century” (2018).
These artworks are Ambidextrous Abstract Expressionism Photography art pieces. By “Ambidextrous”, I mean that they are mirrored images, which usually form some types of figures that can be seen by viewers, as long as the viewer is open to seeing the ghostly and mysterious figures.
Roman-Empire, 3rd-Century-Crisis, ancient-history, military-anarchy, Ambidextrous, Abstract, Expressionism, Photography, Nawfal, Johnson, Nur, mirrored-images, micro-details, DISORDERLY, ORDER, #imagekind, @imagekind, #Maximinus-Thrax, #Marcus-Clodius-Balista,
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